"Throughout the United States, many Native American languages are struggling to survive. According to Unesco, more than 130 of these languages are currently at risk, with 74 languages considered 'critically endangered.' These languages preserve priceless cultural heritage, and some hold unexpected value—nuances in these languages convey unparalleled knowledge of the natural world. This Op-Doc tells the story of Marie Wilcox, the last fluent speaker of the Wukchumni language, and the dictionary she has created."
"English is the language spoken by most people in the United States. The official language of many states is English ( Schildkraut, Deborah, 2001, “Official-English and the States: Influences on Declaring English the Official Language in the United States,” Political Research Quarterly, Vol. 54, No. 2: pp. 445–457.) and it is the language used in nearly all governmental functions. Despite this predominance, many people in the United States speak languages other than English, and there has long been an interest in these groups and in how well they are able to participate in civic life and interact with the English-speaking majority. Beginning in 1890, the U.S. Census Bureau started inquiring about the languages that people spoke...."
"Even setting aside the languages of Native Americans in the area, Spanish was spoken in Texas for nearly a century before English was. With the opening up of Texas to Anglo settlement in the 1820s, however, English quickly became as widely used as Spanish, although bilingualism was not uncommon in early Texas."
"Texas German, once the primary tongue of nearly 100,000 Texans, is on the verge of dying out. The Texas German dialect is quite different from those spoken in Germany, having evolved far from its native soil for more than a century and a half. As its name suggests, it is spoken in no other part of the world."
"The United States is now the world’s second largest Spanish-speaking country after Mexico, according to a new study published by the prestigious Instituto Cervantes." "the US Census Office which estimates that the US will have 138 million Spanish speakers by 2050, making it the biggest Spanish-speaking nation on Earth, with Spanish the mother tongue of almost a third of its citizens."
"The article focuses on the offshore recruitment approach in response to shortage of bilingual K-12 teachers in the U.S. Topics discussed include the increase in population of native Spanish speakers in Texas, recruitment of teachers from Spain and Puerto Rico, and adjustment and challenges encountered by teachers."
Native American Languages
English-Speaking Ability of the Foreign-Born Population
Articles from Magazines, Journals, & Newspapers
Use the e-resources / databases under Research to find articles. Here is a selection of online publications.
"In this article, we focus on instructional support for 91 students who speak African American Vernacular English and who are at high risk for not passing the required state exams. We profile the instruction that was provided and the results from that instruction, providing examples of how students' language was scaffolded such that they could code switch between test language (standard academic English) and the languages of their homes."
The article reports on the growth of dual-language programs across the nation: "39 states and Washington, D.C., offered dual-language education during the 2012-13 school year, with Spanish and Chinese programs cited as the most common. The 'Americanization Movement' in the early 1900s and World War I sparked widespread opinion that foreign language instruction was a 'threat to the integrity and the unity of U.S. society,' said Nelson Flores, an assistant professor in the University of Pennsylvania Graduate School of Education.
Overall, the issue is 'less overtly political' now, Flores said. Whereas in the Civil Rights Era, bilingual education was often framed as a political struggle for the Latino community, 'now it’s … most often framed as something that’s good for all children—something that can help people get jobs as part of the global economy.'”
The findings of an exploratory survey related to students' perceptions of factors, including accent and pronunciation, influencing their learning. Includes suggestions for faculty and students for better teaching/learning.
"More than a quarter of counties in the United States have at least one in 10 households where English is not the language spoken at home." Most common languages: Spanish, Native American languages, German, French, Pacific Island languages, and others. "English is spoken in at least 90 percent of homes in 2,347 counties."
"Of the many indignities international students endure, accent discrimination may be the most mortifying, in part because it is still widely accepted in our society. Like skin color or attire, accent is a characteristic we routinely use to identify someone as unfamiliar or foreign. But while most people understand that discrimination based on visual appearance is wrong, bias against foreign speech patterns is not universally recognized as a form of prejudice."
"According to Google Trends data, Latinx began emerging as early as 2004, but really started popping up in online searches some time in late 2014. During this period, the term had mostly been used in left-leaning and queer communities as a way to promote inclusivity in language."
"Over the last few years, the use of the identifier “Latinx” (pronounced “Latin-ex”), born out of a collective aim to move beyond the masculine-centric “Latino” and the gender inclusive but binary embedded “Latin@,” has received increasing attention and usage in popular to scholarly spheres."
How to YOU pronounce "aunt"? Go to Breakdown by State to see what most Texans say. "The Dialect Survey uses a series of questions, including rhyming word pairs and vocabulary words, to explore words and sounds in the English language."