Dr. Susan Thomason, Associate Vice President, Instructional Services, produced this video for an Austin Community College faculty workshop. We are including it here because it celebrates not only the diversity of the students at ACC, but also of the diversity of program pathways the College offers to match interest, talent, and potential with achievement.
In terms of student success, it is often necessary to address equity issues--such as access to specific technology--that may be related to socioeconomic status and other factors. At many educational institutions course schedules have not been printed for years; students must register and enroll in courses online. Final grades, financial aid accounts, and college announcements may be provided exclusively online. A considerable portion of a library's collection may be digital and require access to online databases, including the library catalog, to complete research assignments.
Image from Mann, Blair. (2014, March 12). Equity and equality are not equal. The Education Trust. Retrieved from https://edtrust.org/the-equity-line/equity-and-equality-are-not-equal/
"Inclusion refers to how diversity is leveraged to create a fair, equitable, healthy, and high-performing organization or community where all individuals are respected, feel engaged and motivated, and their contributions toward meeting organizational and societal goals are valued." This definition comes from Global Diversity and Inclusion Benchmarks: Standards for Organizations Around the World by Julie O'Mara, Alan Richter, and 80 expert panelists, sponsored by The Diversity Collegium, 2014. Also: Diversity and Inclusion, Definitions of. (2015). In J. M. Bennett, (Ed)., The Sage Encyclopedia of Intercultural Competence. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. pp. 267-269. HM1211 .S24 2015 ebk ebooks on EBSCOhost
Image from Special Education Degrees: Your Guide to a Career in Special Education
Stereotype Threat, the fear of failing in a way that reinforces derogatory stereotypes of one's social group, undermines performance in school, sports and the workplace. Psychologists Claude Steele and Joshua Aronson of Stanford University, coined the term in 1995.
Neil de Grasse Tyson, African American astrophysicist and science communicator, said "In the perception of society my academic failures are expected and my academic successes are attributed to others. To spend most of my life fighting these attitudes levies an emotional tax that is a form of intellectual emasculation. It is a tax that I would not wish upon my enemies." Yong, E. (2013). Armor against prejudice. Scientific American, 308(6), 76-80. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete
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"Some research has indicated that negative consequences can, to some extent, be mitigated. For example, the effect may be reduced by educating students about the issue and underscoring that the existence of stereotypes and stereotype threat does not necessarily mean that performance will be adversely affected. One approach that has gained considerable influence in recent years is teaching students that intelligence and academic performance can be improved through effort and hard work. See growth mindset for a more detailed discussion."
Stereotype Treat. (2013, August 29). In S. Abbott (Ed.), The glossary of education reform. Retrieved from http://edglossary.org/stereotype-threat/
Dr. Dewald Wing Sue defines microaggressions as "...the everyday verbal, nonverbal, and environmental slights, snubs, or insults, whether intentional or unintentional, which communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative messages to target persons based solely upon their marginalized group membership." Sue, D.W. (2010). Microaggressions: More than just race. Blog. Psychology Today. Retrieved April 8, 2016.
Vega, T. (2014, Mar 22). Everyday slights tied to race add up to big campus topic. New York Times. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/
"The word itself is not new -- it was first used by Dr. Chester M. Pierce, a professor of education and psychiatry at Harvard University, in the 1970s. Until recently it was considered academic talk for race theorists and sociologists."
"At least in part as a result of a blog started by two Columbia University students ... called The Microaggressions Project, the word made the leap from the academic world to the free-for-all on the web. Vivian Lu, the co-creator of the site, said she has received more than 15,000 submissions since she began the project. Events, observations and experiences have been posted by people from around the world."
Boysen, G. A. (2012). Teacher and student perceptions of microaggressions in college classrooms. College Teaching, 60(3), 122-129. doi:10.1080/87567555.2012.654831
"Despite their subtle nature, research suggests that microaggressions have deleterious effects on students. To begin, the frequent experience of microaggressions leads students to perceive campus climates negatively (Solorzano et al. 2000). Furthermore, prejudice has long been recognized as a significant stressor on physical and psychological health (Clark et al. 1999), and recent research among ... students confirms that facing microaggressions predicts symptoms of psychological stress and dysfunction (Mercer et al. 2011; Torres, Driscoll, and Burrow 2010). Microaggressions could even interfere with academic performance."
"Teachers might be tempted to believe that incidents of bias in the classroom are best left ignored so as not to call attention to the behavior, but research suggests that students want teachers to respond to classroom microaggressions. For example, one qualitative study indicated that students prefer that teachers lead classroom discussions about microaggressions rather than ignore them (Sue et al. 2009). In addition, Boysen and colleagues (2009) asked students to recall incidents of subtle
bias in the classroom and rate the effectiveness of the teachers’ method of responding to the incident. Students indicated that ignoring subtle bias was ineffective overall and that it was significantly less effective than all other response types."