“Our beautiful America was built by a nation of strangers. From a hundred different places or more they have poured forth into an empty land, joining and blending in one mighty and irresistible tide.
The land flourished because it was fed from so many sources―because it was nourished by so many cultures and traditions and peoples.”
"Diversity, one of the buzzwords of the early twenty-first century, has become a concept that has multiple meanings to different groups of people. ...Social scientists usually talk about diversity in at least four different ways.
From International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences
“ALA recognizes the critical need for access to library and information resources, services, and technologies by all people, especially those who may experience language or literacy-related barriers; economic distress; cultural or social isolation; physical or attitudinal barriers; racism; discrimination on the basis of appearance, ethnicity, immigrant status, religious background, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression; or barriers to equal education, employment, and housing." American Library Association
[Source: Gardenswartz & Rowe, Diverse Teams at Work (2nd Edition, SHRM, 2003]
The 'Four Layers of Diversity' wheel shows the complexity of the diversity filters through which we all process stimuli and information. This leads to our assumptions, drives our own behaviors and ultimately impacts others.
"The pioneering research [on the wheel] ... was carried out by Marilyn Loden and Judy Rosener (Loden, Marilyn and Rosener, Judy B. Workforce America! Managing Employee Diversity as a Vital Resource. McGraw-Hill, 1991). Gardenswartz and Rowe (Gardenswartz, Lee and Rowe, Anita. Managing Diversity: A Complete Desk Reference & Planning Guide, McGraw-Hill, 1998.) built upon the primary and secondary dimensions and added two more layers to the "diversity wheel" developing the Four Layers of Diversity model for the workplace. [Goyal, S. (2009, August). Diversity at Workplace. HRM-Review, 36-40.]
Many colleges and universities provide a link to a list of all their libguides. In that list, one may find guides on diversity, equity, inclusion or guides to support specific areas such as African or Asian American studies, social justice research, and related subjects. The guides listed below offer an overview of the general topic of diversity.
"Defying Definitions: Exploring Identity, Stereotypes & Diversity" by Design IT Solution, Maryland Humanities Council's Practicing Democracy Program, Maryland Humanities Council in partnership with the Maryland Commission on Civil Rights, is licensed under CC BY 4.0
The broad groups selected for this guide are those most frequently listed in works on diversity, cultural competency, and multiculturalism. Most of these are groups identified separately by the U.S. Census Bureau.
To the extent possible, we chose materials that were written or created by those who identify with the selected group, letting them speak in their own voices to tell their own truths. If you have completed a Diversity Wheel for yourself, you are aware that you identify with many different groups, and that it is this complexity of identities that make you the unique person that you are. Those whose works are collected under each group, likewise, identify with more than that one group.
We cannot generalize the experiences of specific individuals within a group to all people in that group. There may be more diversity within a group than between groups. While the data, stories, and experiences in these works may provide insight into the lives of individuals that we, as outsiders, could not gain access to otherwise, we must remember that the information is affected, to some extent, by the lens of the teller or by the perspective or interpretation of the reporter or editor.