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Civil War - "History is the sum total of the things that could have been avoided." (Konrad Adenauer)
Abraham Lincoln Historical Digitization Project
The site was created by the Northern Illinois University and presents materials from Lincoln's life 1830-1861. You can read the Lincoln-Douglas debates and search Lincoln's writings. You can also listen to songs from this period.
Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress
Approximately 20,000 documents and 61,000 images. Most of the items are from the 1850s through 1865 and include correspondences to political leaders and friends. There is also Lincoln's drafts of the Emancipation Proclamation, his second Inaugural Address, and a memorandum where Lincoln expressed his expectation that he would lose the 1864 presidential election. There is also a special presentation on Lincoln's assassination.
American Battlefield Trust
This collection offers details on all of the major Civil War battles and the respective battlefields.
A wonderful site covering all aspects of the War, including a timeline as well as detailed illustrations.
Civil War Maps
This collection brings together approximately 4800 maps, charts, and atlases comes from the Library of Congress, the Library of Virginia, the Virginia Historical Society. The site is searchable by place, subject, creator, or title. An introductory essay traces the history of map making during the Civil War.
Civil War Women
Developed by Duke University. On-line archival collections featuring scanned pages and texts of the writings of women during the American Civil War. Currently includes the 1864 diary of Alice Williamson, a 16 year old girl from Gallatin, Tennessee; the papers of Rose O'Neal Greenhow, a renowned Confederate spy; and the papers of Sarah E. Thompson, a spy for the Union. Links will take you to other primary resources including diaries, letters and photographs.
Confederate States of America
Part of the Avalon Project of the Yale Law School. Government documents from the opening months of the existence of the Confederacy. There are also declarations of secession by Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas.
Google Search: "Civil War Letters"
Do a search in Google, searching for the phrase exactly as given above, including the quotation marks. There are many links to letters. Some of the links are to book advertisements, but most are to transcriptions of letters written by soldiers. It is worth the effort to do this search if you are interested in first-hand accounts, impressions, etc., from participants in the war's battles and campaigns.
The History Place Presents Abraham Lincoln
Very long timeline on main page. May take a long time to load, but worth the effort, as there are many links to significant Lincoln documents. There are also some excellent photographs, which will display larger by clicking on them.
A Nation Divided: The U.S. Civil War, 1861-1865
Produced by "The History Place." Is a timeline, with brief text and photographs.
Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion
A part of the War Times Journal Site. "These compilations are drawn from the official Navy records of the American Civil War, published in 1897. The original records are extensive (roughly 6 volumes per year of war) and it is hoped we will eventually be able to publish much of the material. Initially, records will be compiled into groups relating to major battles and the events immediately surrounding them."
Texas in the Civil War
A lengthy narrative relating to all military aspects of the War.