Co-Requisite Mathematics Models and Gateway Completion LaGuardia Community College responded to a long-standing crisis in the math remediation approach to bring transformative change to scale via the math co-requisite project.
Abderrazak Belkharraz Idrissi, Milena Cuellar, and Jeanne FunkLaGuardia Community College,City University of New York, Start Strong to Finish, 2020.
Corequisite model: An effective strategy for remediation in freshmen level mathematics courses The purpose of this study was to compare students’ performances in a freshmen level quantitative reasoning course (QR) under three different instructional models.
Upasana Kashyap and Santhosh Mathew, Journal of STEM Education, 2017.
A Co-Requisite Model for Developmental Mathematics: Innovative Pathway Leads to Positive Outcomes for Education Majors The pilot of a co-requisite model, involving the collaboration of two academic departments, has proven successful in enhancing students’ academic achievement while addressing social and emotional needs of students.
Charlene Atkins and Ann McCoy, Educational Resistance, March 2017.
Design Principles for Corequisite Mathematics: An Exploration of Corequisite Models for Texas Colleges and Universities in Response to State Legislative Change (House Bill 2223) Through a synthesis of data collected from interviews, a literature review, and several state and institutional-level surveys, this report offers an analysis of corequisite models to support colleges and universities as they respond to the mandates of House Bill 2223. The report offers a landscape overview of corequisites in higher education and concludes with a discussion of the ongoing implementation considerations associated with corequisite remediation.
Christina Dunigan Kristina Flores Madeline Haynes Chelsea Rangel Amy Velchoff Joanna Warren
Implementing a Corequisite Algebra Gateway Course. The corequisite model has shown great success in getting students to complete degrees because it allows students to enroll in credit-bearing classes while also providing academic support in conjunction with their regular courses (Edgecombe and Bickerstaff 2018). In Tennessee, for example, 55 percent of students who were enrolled in a corequisite mathematics course in the fall of 2015 earned credit in one semester, compared to 12 percent of students who earned a gateway credit after one year in the previous prerequisite model (Denley, n.d.). The success rate for minority students increased from 6.7 percent to 42.6 percent in one semester in the corequisite math model.
Eric L. Buckles, Nia W. Haydel, Janice Thompson-Sanchez and Yolanda W. Page. Association of American Colleges and Univeristies. 2019.
Relationship between Required Corequisite Learning and Success in College Algebra This study used a chi-squared test to analyze two groups of new freshmen and their success in College Algebra—one group who participated in corequisite learning and one group who did not participate in corequisite learning, finding that a higher proportion of students succeed in College Algebra when also enrolled in corequisite support.
Amy D. Smith, Georgia Southern University, 2019.
Student Experiences in an Online First-Year Seminar Paired with Remedial Mathematics. A collective case study approach was used to explore the experiences of students enrolled in an online first-year seminar that was paired with a developmental mathematics course. Students reported different motivating factors and expectations for enrolling in the course, yet all expressed a desire to improve their academic performance and confidence. These results help to inform how delivery of an online FYS can support the goals of students and institutions.
Max Walling, Dana van de Walker, et al. - Sam Houston State University, 2020.
Operation STEM: increasing success and improving retention among mathematically underprepared students in STEM. The implementation of the OpSTEM program created an experimental design with two treatment groups, where one group received all the treatments and one group received only mandatory supplemental instruction. They were both compared to a control group from before OpSTEM began. Student data collected have demonstrated that mandatory supplemental instruction alone is effective at increasing the pass rate for precalculus courses, and the additional services and incentives provided to the OpSTEM. Additional time is needed to assess the rates at which these students are completing STEM degrees, but preliminarily data show that OpSTEM Scholars' retention rate is higher than the university's retention rate as a whole and higher than the university's retention rate in STEM fields in particular.
Practices of Remedial Mathematics Students Who Succeed in College: A Case Study of Developmental Math Education at Chief Dull Knife College This case study of an innovative remedial math program at a tribal college explores the practices of successful underprepared students and the ways in which faculty and staff scaffold these practices.
Todd Lundberg, Clifton Conrad, Marybeth Gasman, Thai-Huy Nguyen, FeleciaE. Commodore, The Review of Higher Education, 2018.
Using Research-Based Instruction to Improve Math Outcomes with Underprepared Students. [TexShare Login Required] The authors used a mixed-methods research design to evaluate a multi-tiered system of supports model to address the disturbing failure rates of underprepared college students placed in developmental mathematics at a small state university. While qualitative data gathered from using Participatory Action Research methods directed the two-year professional development program to implement the model, quantitative results demonstrated how the model improved learner outcomes in passing basic and intermediate algebra. Most important, follow-up analyses demonstrated that student participants went on to pass college algebra and the mathematics subtest assessed by the Collegiate Assessment of Academic Proficiency (CAAP) examination to satisfy the state's general education graduation requirements.
Pearce, L. R., Pearce, K. L., & Siewert, D. J., Journal on Excellence in College Teaching, 2017.
What Happens to Underprepared First-Time-in-College Students When Developmental Education is Optional? The Case of Developmental Math and Intermediate Algebra in the First Semester. This study investigated first-semester math course enrollment patterns for underprepared first-time-in-college (FTIC) students who would have previously been required to take developmental math and the passing rates for the students electing to take Intermediate Algebra (the most common gateway math course in Florida).
Toby Park, Chenoa S. Woods, Shouping Hu, Tamara Bertrand Jones & David Tandberg, The Journal of Higher Education, 2017.
Creating Accelerated Pathways for Student Success in Mathematics: A Snapshot of Courses Offered at the Launch of the Mathematics Pathways to Completion Project. The goal of the MPC project was that students would have the opportunity to complete a transferable, college-level mathematics course aligned to their program of study within one year of enrollment, regardless of their initial level of preparation.
Adnan Moussa and Susan Bickerstaff, Community College Research Center, October 2019.
Dana Center Mathematics Pathways Learn about math pathways, read about the evidence supporting pathways and review essential Ideas for people in different professional roles.
Emerging Issues in Mathematics Pathways: Case Studies, Scans of the Field, & Recommendations The Emerging Issues in Mathematics Pathways: Case Studies, Scans of the Field, and Recommendations monograph brings together diverse voices to discuss critical topics, raise questions, and examine the future of mathematics pathways. True to the Dana Center’s strategy of engaging stakeholders across the system, this publication includes perspectives from college and university mathematics faculty, advisors, administrators, and system leaders along with Dana Center policy analysts, curriculum developers, and implementation specialists.
Charles A. Dana Center at The University of Texas at Austin, 2019. Monograph
Enhanced Mathematics—A Co-requisite Approach to Developmental Mathematics. Austin Peay State University, 2012. APSU has developed an alternative mathematics skills development approach whereby students are immediately enrolled in a credit bearing class, with supplementary instruction to provide just-in-time support. This method provides significantly superior success rates, while also creating significant cost savings to both the institutions and the student.